Web.Contents(), Caching And The ExcludedFromCacheKey Option In Power BI And Power Query

When you’re using the Web.Contents() M function to call a web service from Power Query or Power BI, you don’t necessarily get one HTTP request each time you call the function: some caching takes place, so that if you make the same request multiple times your query won’t waste time asking for the same data over and over. In this post I’m going to share the results of some tests I made to show how caching works with Web.Contents() and what factors influence it.

For my tests I built a simple web service in Microsoft Flow, similar to the one I blogged about here, that accepts a HTTP POST request and calls a stored procedure in an Azure SQL Database. The stored procedure then updates a table in the database and this in turn allows me to count the number of times the web service is called. Finally, the web service returns the value 0 if the stored procedure has executed successfully.

This web service can then be called from either Power Query or Power BI using the Web.Contents() function, something like this (because the URL for the web service is very long I stored it in a parameter called WebServiceURL)

The first important thing to point out is that the above query, when refreshed in the latest versions of Power Query (I’m running Excel 2016 build 7571.2109) and Power BI (build 2.41.4581.361- November 2016 release), results in a single call to the web service. It might seem like I’m stating the obvious but in the past I’ve seen plenty of cases where a data source has been queried multiple times by Power Query/Power BI even if I was only expecting it to be queried once.

Now, let’s look at a query that calls this web service several times. Here’s the query above converted to a function called fnCallWebService